For several months, mass protests have shaken Thailand’s military junta, monarchy, and ruling politicians. This photo essay below in Ugly Truth Thailand shows some of the scale and power of the mobilizations. No Borders News is also pleased to share “The History of the Peoples’ Struggle for Democracy in Thailand” organized by the Socialist Party of Malaysia (PSM) below featuring Giles Ji Ungapakorn and covering the present mass movement for democracy, the role and power of the monarchy and the military, and the power from below that can defeat the junta.
Giles Ji Ungpakorn / ใจ อึ๊งภากรณ์ was an Associate Professor of Political Science at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok. He is a prolific writer on Thai affairs and activist with the Workers’ Democracy party. He is the author of A Coup for the Rich.
Photo essay: Protests continue to defy the junta from Ugly Truth Thailand
Since Generalissimo Prayut announced emergency powers banning demonstrations and after the paramilitary riot police used chemical water cannon on crowds, protesters have continued to gather in their thousands to call for his resignation. The use of water cannon against young school students angered many ordinary people, thus swelling the protests.
On Saturday, because the junta ordered the closure of all mass transit train lines in a futile attempt to stop the protests, demonstrators assembled at different spots in Bangkok. Large demonstrations also took place in lots of provincial cities, mainly on university campuses. The protests are now involving hundreds of thousands of people up and down the country.
At Lard Prao, in Bangkok, where on of the largest protest took place, tens of thousands of defiant protesters assembled. The organisers managed to get a truck load of crash helmets, masks and raincoats distributed to the crowd in case the police attacked. In the event they decided to disperse by 8pm without the feared attack happening.
Reports from many areas tell of the impressive organisation managed by rank and file activists. Some of the key activists had been arrested in previous days, but this seems to have had little effect. This shows the strength of the movement.
On the 18th October protests were again held in many locations in Bangkok and provincial cities.
One worker activist reported that at Rungsit, a primary school student asked to make a speech!
There were also reports of thousands of factory workers protesting in Chonbury, along the Eastern Seaboard industrial area (see below). The Rungsit protest was also made up of some factory workers.
The success of the protests are an important and clear symbolic victory. But the struggle will be long and hard. Prayut and his gang of military thugs are not about to go easily. They have spent the years since their coup in 2014 putting in place measures to maintain their power, including writing a constitution, appointing the senate, designing the National Strategy and fixing last year’s elections. They already have blood on their hand from the murder of pro-democracy redshirts ten years ago and the use of death squads against dissidents.
The movement is at a junction. Organising flash mobs over and over again risks tiring out protesters and these actions are not enough to make the country ungovernable. Either they move forward to organise more militant and powerful action such as strikes, or the momentum will be lost. Given the level of public support for the protests it is important to seize the moment and try to build for workplace stoppages.
[For international news and analysis from working-class, oppressed peoples, and socialist points of view, read No Borders News.]